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Dance of the Amazon

(opus 65)
Anatoli Liadov/Arr. Johan de Meij
Anatoli Liadov
 
 

Anatoli Liadov (1855-1914) studied piano, violin and composition at the St Petersburg Conservatory, with Rimsky-Korsakov, among others. After his graduation in 1878, he began work as a music theory teacher at this conservatory. His pupils included important composers such as Sergei Prokofiev. Liadov also carried out research on the folk music of Russia, and published a number of editions with arrangements of this music. He composed few large-scale works, writing mainly piano music; miniature compositions that later found their way into arrangements and transcriptions for symphony orchestra or concert band.
At a young age, Liadov was strongly influenced by the Russian national movement, in the sphere of Balakirev and company. Liadov felt connected to their ideas through his affinity with Russian melody. The oriental exoticism in his music was also notable. Through his brilliant orchestration and daring harmonies he further developed aspects previously explored by Borodin and Rimsky-Korsakov.

Although respected as a conductor and composer, Liadov was notoriously unreliable, lazy and insecure. A number of telling anecdotes are testament to this. The first is his dismissal from the conservatory due to his indolence as a student. After that, in 1910, Liadov did not finish his commission to write music for Diaghilev’s ballet The Firebird, so Diaghilev asked Rimsky-Korsakov’s brilliant student Igor Stravinsky instead, who thus received his first important composition commission. The rest is history.
 
One of the compositions he did finish, which went on to give him some fame, is Dance of the Amazon, which he wrote at the request of the dancer Ida Rubinstein. This charming work, based on two Greek folk melodies, was to be one of his last creations. Liadov died in Polinovka, near Novgorod, and was buried in the Alexander Nevsky Convent in St Petersburg.

Anthony Fiumara

Instrumentation
1. Piccolo
8. Flutes 1, 2
2. Oboe 1, 2
1. English Horn (F)
2. Bassoons 1, 2

1. Eb Clarinet
6. Bb Clarinet 1
6. Bb Clarinet 2
6. Bb Clarinet 3
2. Bb Bass Clarinet

2. Eb Alto Sax 1
2. Eb Alto Sax 2
2. Bb Tenor Sax 1, 2
1. Eb Baritone Sax

3. F Horn 1, 3
3. F Horn 2, 4
3. Bb Trumpet 1
3. Bb Trumpet 2
3. Bb Trumpet 3

2. Trombone 1 (C)
2. Trombone 2 (C)
2. Trombone 3 (C)
2. Baritone/Euphonium B.C. (C)
2. Baritone/Euphonium T.C. (Bb)
4. Basses (C)
1. Double Bass
1. Harp

1. Timpani
2. Percussion: Snare Drum
2. Percussion: Cymbals & Bass Drum

Additional Parts
[for European countries only]
2. Eb Horn 1, 3
2. Eb Horn 2, 4
1. Bb Trombone 1 (T.C.)
1. Bb Trombone 1 (B.C.)
1. Bb Trombone 2 (T.C.)
1. Bb Trombone 2 (B.C.)
1. Bb Trombone 3 (T.C.)
1. Bb Trombone 3 (B.C.)
2. Bb Baritone/Euph. (B.C.)
1. Eb Bass Tuba (T.C.)
1. Eb Bass Tuba (B.C.)
1. Bb Bass Tuba (T.C.)
2. Bb Bass Tuba (B.C.)